Source(s): Randy Drinkard
Some of the most commonly-used lawn, landscaping and garden terms include:
Annual – a plant that grows, blooms, produces seed or fruit and dies in one year or less.
Biennial – a plant that grows and establishes itself the first season, then blooms, produces seed and dies the second season.
Broadcast – a product that is distributed over a large area of space.
Compost – decomposed organic matter, used to enrich the soil and improve drainage and aeration.
Contact – a product that adheres to and is localized on the surface of the leaf or stem of the plant.
Fungicide – a product that controls a fungus.
Herbicide – a product that controls plants.
Humus – the brown or black organic part of the soil that results from the decay of leaves or other organic matter.
Insecticide – a product that controls insects.
Integrated Pest Management(IPM) – multiple tactics used in a compatible manner in order to maintain pest populations below levels that cause economic or unacceptable injury without posing a hazard to humans, domestic animals or non-target life forms.
Miticide – a product that controls mites.
Non-selective herbicide – a product that controls all and any types of plants.
Organic Matter – Any material which originated as a living organism, such as compost, manure or peat moss.
Pesticide – a product that will control a pest.
Perennial – a plant that lives for more than two years, often for many years.
Postemergence – a product that controls visible weeds.
Pre-emergent – a product applied to the soil surface that inhibits weed growth.
Rodenticide – a product that controls rodents.
Selective herbicide – a product that controls only certain types of plants, eliminating non-desirable plants while maintaining desirable plants.
Systemic – a product that is absorbed through the leaves and/or roots of the plant and moves throughout the plant.
Weed – a plant out of place.
Reviewer(s): Todd Hurt, Training Coordinator, UGA Center for Urban Agriculture, The University of Georgia College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, June 2006.
Center Publication Number: 206