Common Herbs – Herbs In Southern Gardens

Source(s): Wayne J. McLaurin


Herb Planting Season Spacing Propagation Growth Pattern Light Requirement
Anise (a) Spring 6-8″ Seed 18-24″ Upright Full sun
Anise (a) Spring 6-8″ Seed 18-24″ Upright Full sun
Anise Hyssop (p) Spring 1′ Seed/division 1′ Upright Full sun
Artemisia (p) Spring/fall 2-3′ Seed/cutting/division 2-4′ Upright Full sun/light shade
Basil (a) Spring 1-2′ Seed 1-3′ Upright Full sun
Bay (p) Fall (protected) Container Cutting 3-10′ Woody, upright Partial shade
Borage (a) Spring/late summer 18″ Seed 1-2′ Upright Full sun/partial shade
Caraway (b) Spring/fall 8-12″ Seed 2-3′ Upright Full sun/light shade
Catnip (p) Spring 18″ Seed/cutting/division 1-3′ Upright Sun/partial shade
Cayenne (a) Late spring 2′ Seed 1-2′ Upright Full sun
Chamomile (p) Spring 8-12″ Seed/division 12-14″ Matting Full sun/light shade
Chervil (a) Early spring/late summer 9-12″ Seed 1-2′ Branching Light shade
Chives (p) Spring/fall 8-12″ Seed/division 8-24″ Clumps Full sun/partial shade
Cilantro/Coriander (a) Spring/late summer 4″ Seed 1-2′ Branching Full sun/partial shade
Comfrey (p) Spring/fall 3′ Seed/cutting/division 3-5′ Clumps Full sun/partial shade
Costmary (p) Spring 2′ Seed/division 1-3′ Clumps Full sun/partial shade
Cumin (a) Spring 12-18″ Seed 1′ Upright Full sun
Dill (a) Spring/summer/fall 12-18″ Seed 2-3′ Upright Full sun
Fennel (b,p) Spring 18″ Seed 4-5′ Upright Full sun
Garlic (p) Spring/fall 6-8″ Sets 2′ Upright Full sun
Ginger (p) Late spring/summer 2′ or container Root division 2-4′ Upright Partial shade
Horehound (p) Early spring 1′ Seed/division 2-3′ Upright Full sun
Hyssop (p) Early spring/fall 1′ Seed/cutting/division 1-2′ Upright Full sun/partial shade
Lavender (p) Spring/fall 18-24″ Seed/cutting 18-36″ Upright, shrubby Full sun
Lemon Balm (p) Spring/fall 1′ Seed/cutting/division 2-3′ Branching Full sun/partial shade
Lemon Grass (p) Late spring 3′ Division 2-3′ Clumping Full sun/partial shade
Lemon Verbena (p) Spring 3-4′ Seed/cutting 3-5′ Branching/woody Full sun/partial shade
Lovage (p) Fall 2-3′ Seed/division 3-4′ Upright Full sun/partial shade
Marjoram (p) Spring/fall 6-12″ Seed/cutting/division 6-24″ Upright, shrubby Full sun
Mint (p) Spring/fall 1′ Cutting/division 2-3′ Upright Full sun/partial shade
Monarda (p) Spring/fall 1′ Seed/cutting/division 3-4′ Clumps Full sun/partial shade
Mountain Mint (p) Spring/fall 3′ Seed/division 2-3′ Clumps Partial shade
Oregano (p) Spring/fall 1′ Seed/cutting/division 12-30″ Matting, shrubby Full sun
Parsley (b) Early spring/late summer 6-8″ Seed 12-18″ Upright Full sun/partial shade
Patchouli (p) Spring 2′ Seed/cutting/division 1-2′ Branching, woody Full sun
Pennyroyal (p) Early spring/fall 6-12″ Seed/cutting/division 1′ Matting Full sun
Perilla (a) Spring 2′ Seed 2-3′ Upright Full sun/partial shade
Rosemary (p) Spring/fall 2-3′ Cutting/division/layering 2-3′ Upright Full sun
Rue (p) Spring/fall 18-24″ Seed/cutting/division 2-3′ Branching, woody Full sun/partial shade
Sage (p) Spring/fall 18″ Seed/cutting 2-3′ Branching, woody Full sun
Santolina (p) Spring 2-3′ Seed/cutting/division 18-24″ Upright Full sun
Savory (a/p) Spring 6-10″ Seed/cutting/division 8-18″ Upright Full sun
Scented Geranium (p) Spring 1-2′ Cutting 1-3′ Branching Full sun/partial shade
Sesame (a) Spring 8-12″ Seed 2-3′ Upright Full sun
Soapwort (p) Spring/fall 18″ Seed/division 1-2′ Branching Full sun/partial shade
Sorrel (p) Spring/fall 18″ Seed/division 1-2′ Clumping Full sun
Stachys (p) Spring 18″ Seed/cutting/division 12-18″ Clumping/matting Full sun/partial shade
Sweet Cicely (p) Spring 2′ Seed/division 2-3′ Upright Partial shade
Sweet Woodruff (p) Fall 1′ Seed/division 8-12″ Clumping Shade
Tansy (p) Spring/fall 2-4′ Seed/cutting/division 3-4′ Upright Full sun
Tarragon, French (p) Spring 1-2′ Cutting/division 1-2′ Upright Partial shade
Thyme (p) Fall/spring 1′ Seed/cutting/division/layering 3-12″ Matting, bushy Full sun
Yarrow (p) Spring/fall 1-2′ Seed/division 1-5′ Clumping Full sun
(a) = annual; (b) = biennial; (p) = perennial

Resource(s): Herbs in Southern Gardens

Center Publication Number: 265

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